Federal skilled worker class (FSWC) are those applicants who are selected by the Canadian government as permanent residents based on their education, work experience, knowledge of English and/or French, and a few other criteria that have been shown to help them become economically established in Canada. In 2016, CIC/IRCC admitted 59,999 FSWC applicants as permanent residents in Canada, which makes the FSWC the largest source of economic immigration.
Canada admits skilled immigrants with the experience needed to contribute to the Canadian economy. The selection is based on a points system that evaluates an applicant’s education, work experience, official language proficiency, age, pre-arranged employment in Canada and adaptability. In order to qualify, the applicant must score a minimum of 67 points out of the possible 100 points.
An applicant must meet the minimum criteria required to apply as skilled worker:
For Applicants who meet the minimum criteria above, their application is further assessed against a point system, in which points are allocate based on the following six selection factor below:
|Factor 1||Education||Maximum 25 points|
|Factor 2||Ability in English and or French||Maximum 28 points|
|Factor 3||Experience||Maximum 15 points|
|Factor 4||Age||Maximum 12 points|
|Factor 5||Arranged employment||Maximum 10 points|
|Factor 6||Adaptability||Maximum 10 points|
|Total||Maximum 100 points|
|Pass Mark||67 points|
|Master’s level or professional degree||23|
|Two or more post-secondary credentials, one of which is a three-year or longer post-secondary credential||22|
|Three-year or longer post-secondary credential||21|
|Two-year post-secondary credential||19|
|One-year post-secondary credential||15|
|Secondary school (also called high school)||5|
Proficiency in Canada’s official languages is considered to be the single most important factor in predicting successful economic integration into Canadian life. As a result, the federal government decided to establish a minimum threshold that all FSWC applicants must meet.
The current minimum threshold established by the Minister for the first official language is being set at the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) of 7 in all four abilities: listening, speaking, reading and writing. An applicant meeting that threshold and no higher would obtain 16 points (4 for each ability).
Work experience is important in successful economic establishment in Canada because experienced workers have more to offer Canadian employers than inexperienced workers and they will become more quickly established. Regardless of their score in the other factors on the grid, all FSWC applicants must have a minimum of one year of skilled work experience
|Experience||Maximum 15 points|
|6 or more years||15|
Points are given for your age on the date that your complete application is received.
|18 to 35||12|
|Less one point per year||–|
|47 and over||0|
In some cases, you can get points if you have a permanent, full-time job offer from a Canadian employer. The job must be arranged before you apply to come to Canada as a federal skilled worker.
A valid job offer has to be:
|Adaptability||Maximum 10 points|
|Your spouse or partner’s language level
Your spouse or common-law partner has a language level in either English or French at CLB 4 level or higher in all four language abilities (speaking, listening, reading and writing).To get these points, you must submit test results from an approved agency when you apply. Results can not be more than two years old on the day you apply.
|Your past study in Canada
You finished at least two academic years of full-time study (in a program at least two years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada.Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week, and you must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.
|Your spouse or partner’s past study in Canada
Your spouse or common-law partner finished at least two academic years of full-time study (in a program at least two years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada.Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week, and your spouse or partner must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.
|Your past work in Canada
You did at least one year of full-time work in Canada:1. In a occupation listed in Skill Type O or Skill Levels A or B of the National Occupational Classification (NOC), and2. With a valid work permit or while authorized to work in Canada.
|Your spouse or common-law partner’s past work in Canada
Your spouse / partner did at least one year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit or while authorized to work in Canada.
|Arranged Employment in Canada
You earned points under Factor 5: Arranged Employment.
|Relatives in Canada
You, or, if it applies, your spouse or common-law partner, have a relative, either a§ parent,§