To immigrate to Canada under the Family Sponsorship Class (Spousal Sponsorship / Common-law Sponsorship / Parents & Grandparents Sponsorship), an individual must be sponsored by a close relative living in Canada as a permanent resident or a Canadian citizen. This is known as Family Sponsorship Class.
A Canadian citizen or a permanent resident can sponsor relatives or family members residing abroad if those relatives are:
Canadian citizen or a permanent resident may sponsor a spouse or common-law partner who is already living with them in Canada.
The person sponsoring the close relative who wish to immigrate to Canada should must be:
A person who is under 18 years of age, and whose parents are both deceased, may be sponsored as a member of the Family Class, provided that he/she is single and is in the following relationship with the sponsor: sibling, nephew/niece or grandchild.